Therefore, some of the people returned to their homeland, and the population of the valley is increasing year by year. Thus, their homeland, which had turned to ruins as a result of the forced resettlement, is being revived. Currently there are 15 villages, for a total of around 80 households, in the Yaghnob Valley.
As indicated above, the harsh living conditions in the valley caused some residents to voluntarily leave their ancestral homeland and move to the plains. The available data indicates that this took place in the 18th and 19th centuries. During that period some people from various villages in the Yaghnob Valley moved to Ghonchi District in Sughd Province, while others moved to the Varsob Valley. Most of the Yaghnobis in Ghonchi District live in one of three villages: Kajrovut, Pushti Otakhona, or Qal'acha.
The Yaghnobis in the Varsob Valley are found mostly in the villages of Kukteppa, Zumand, Garob, and Safedorak and in the valley Kharangon of the Yaghnobis. The residents of these villages are descended form residents of various villages in the Yaghnob Valley. The most populous Yaghnobi village in the Varzob Valley is Zumand, which has 105 households, totaling 690 residents. This village was populated mostly by residents from the Yaghnob Valley villages of Sokan, Gharmen, Vosrovut, and Numetkon. Those people moved to Zumand in 1870-1874, and the village is still populated by their descendants.
The people of Zumand have preserved ancestral rituals such as New Year's celebration, naming children, weddings, and the move to the summer pasture, as well as the belief in auspicious and inauspicious days. The residents of Zumand mark each of these occasions with great formality and flourish. The main occupations of the residents are animal husbandry and crop-raising. The village has a school and a medical clinic.